We calculated the average cost of home renovation based on a 4-room HDB flat (i.e. 90 sq meter) since it represents the biggest proportion of residences in Singapore (32% of all homes). According to our research, the average cost of home renovation for a 4-room HDB flat is around $56,000. This cost includes all of the raw material required and the labor needed to complete the project. In general, there are seven major components you will need to pay for.
|Remodeling Area||Average Cost||Note|
|Demolition||S$6,000||S$50 per foot run x 120 ft|
|Plumbing||S$875||S$270-S$400 per bathroom & kitchen|
|Electrical||S$4,000||S$50-S$150 per piece|
|Flooring and Tiling||S$11,625||S$8,000-S$20,000 depending on material|
|Paint||S$2,233||S$1,200-S$1,800 per room, depending on type of paint & size of walls|
|Carpentry Work||S$24,000||S$100-S$500 per ft run|
|Appliance||S$7,500||A/C, Washing Machines, etc.|
At any one of these six steps, your choice of materials can decrease the cost of a remodel substantially. For instance, using laminate instead of marble in the kitchen and vinyl instead of granite in the bathrooms are just a few simple ways to save. For instance, below is a table that shows the range of pricing for each flooring material options. When we are talking about 101-140 sq meters of floor area, a difference of S$5-10 per square meter could be a huge difference.
|Flooring Material||Low End Cost||Average Cost||High End Cost|
|Marble||S$10 per square foot||S$12.5 per square foot||S$15 per square foot|
|Granite||S$10 per square foot||S$15 per square foot||S$20 per square foot|
|Parquet||S$7 per square foot||S$10.5 per square foot||S$14 per square foot|
|Laminate||S$3.5 per square foot||S$4.0 per square foot||S$4.5 per square foot|
|Vinyl||S$6 per square foot||S$6.25 per square foot||S$7.5 per square foot|
|Ceramic/Tiles||S$3 per square foot||S$9 per square foot||S$15 per square foot|
|Installation Labor||S$3 per square foot||S$6.5 per square foot||S$10 per square foot|
If money is an issue, consider the raw material at every step of the process and see if cheaper solutions exist. On top of this raw material cost, completing a portion of the work yourself can be a great way to save on labor.
Although the average cost of renovating a home is around S$55,000, this cost could actually vary heavily depending on how you redesign your residence. There are largely 9 different style categories that people choose in Singapore. Below, we feature the average cost of home renovation for each design type, according to Qanvast.
|Style||Average Cost HDB||Average Cost Condo||Average Cost Landed||Average Cost/Sqm|
|^Lack of data from Qanvast may result in some inaccuracy|
When it comes to a home remodeling, there are several levels of involvement to consider.
Some consumers enjoy doing the entire project by themselves and only paying for raw materials and any necessary tools. On the other hand, some property owners choose to work with an interior designer or contractor who can manage the entire process from start to finish. Some people will do a combination of these two approaches, and complete basic jobs by themselves but hire out specialists to do the jobs which require expertise – like electrical and plumbing.
Before getting started, carefully consider your available time and experience level in these fields. There have been many a home remodel which have dragged on longer than anticipated with a homeowner trying to complete the entire project themselves. Being realistic about your availability and budget can make the process go smoothly.
If you don’t have the money on hand, you will need to find financing. Many homeowners will take out a personal or home equity loan in order to make a renovation possible. Our research has shown that it is almost always preferable to use a renovation loan, rather than a personal loan, for this type of project. In general, personal loans will carry interest rates which are 6% – 7% higher than renovation loans. This is made possible because many times the value of the home being remodeled is used as collateral. From the banks perspective, a renovation loan is simply safer than a personal loan.
Regardless of how you finance the project, it is important to first determine the maximum amount you can spend on the remodel. Most experts recommend setting a budget first, and then removing 15% from this total. In essence you now have 85% of your budget to work with and have 15% available if cost overruns occur. If this is your first remodel, be realistic and expect some things to not go as planned. By creating a 15% buffer, you will be confident that the project can be done at your price point and not create a financial strain for you or your family.
A home remodel can be a great way to add value to your home and make it more enjoyable to live in. At Apax, we will be with you as you look for a home, find financing, and begin your remodel.